Bio-Waves is dedicated to the dissemination of our research to the public and the marine research community via reports, peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. Below is a partial listing of these.
Lomac‑MacNair K.S., M.A. Smultea, T.M. Yack, M. Lammers, T.F. Norris, G. Green, K. Dunleavey, D. Steckler, V. James. 2018. Marine mammal visual and acoustic surveys near the Alaskan Colville River Delta. Polar Biology Online. [Abstract] [Full Article]
Norris, T.F., K.J. Dunleavy,T.M. Yack, E.L. Ferguson. 2017. Estimation of minke whale abundance from an acoustic line transect survey of the Mariana Islands. Marine Mammal Science 33: 574-592.[Abstract] [PDF]
Oswald, J.N., T.F. Norris, T.M. Yack, E.L. Ferguson, A. Kumar, J. Nissen, and J. Bell. 2016. Patterns of occurrence and marine mammal acoustic behavior in relation to navy sonar activity off Jacksonville, Florida. In: A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (eds). The effects of noise on aquatic life II, Springer, New York, pp. 791-799. [Abstract] [Full Chapter]
Department of the Navy. 2015. From Clicks to Counts: Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring to Estimate the Density and Abundance of Cuvier’s Beaked Whales in the Gulf of Alaska (GoA). Prepared by T.M Yack, T. Norris, E. Ferguson, S. Coates, and B.K. Rone for Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Submitted to Naval Facilities Engineering Command Pacific, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, under Contract No. N62470-10-3011, Task Order 22, issued to HDR, Inc., San Diego, CA. 31 August 2015. 43 pp. [Abstract] [PDF]
Lammers, M.O. and J.N. Oswald. 2015. Analyzing the acoustic communication of dolphins. In: D.L. Herzing and C.M. Johnson (eds). Dolphin communication and cognition: Past, Present, Future, MIT Press, pp. 107-138.
Oswald, J.N. In press. Acoustic monitoring of minke whales at the Station ALOHA Cabled Observatory. In: W.W.L. Au (ed). Listening in the ocean.
Rankin, S., J.N. Oswald, A.E. Simonis, and J. Barlow. 2015. Vocalizations of the rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis, in the Pacific Ocean. Marine Mammal Science. Doi: 10.1 111/mms.12226. [Abstract] [PDF]
Azzolin, M., A. Gannier, M.O. Lammers, J.N. Oswald, E. Papale, G. Buscaino, G. Buffa, S. Mazzola and C. Giacoma. 2014. Combining whistle acoustic parameters to discriminated Mediterranean odontocetes during passive acoustic monitoring. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 135:502-512. [Abstract] [PDF]
Rone, B.K., A.B. Douglas, T.M. Yack, A.N. Zerbini, T.N. Norris, E. Ferguson, and J. Calambokidis. 2014. Report for the Gulf of Alaska Line-Transect Survey (GOALS) II: Marine Mammal Occurrence in the Temporary Maritime Activities Area (TMAA). Submitted to Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) Pacific, Honolulu, Hawaii under Contract No. N62470-10-D-3011, Task Order 0022, issued to HDR Inc., San Diego, California. Prepared by Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, Washington; Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington; and Bio-Waves, Inc., Encinitas, California. April 2014. [Abstract] [PDF]
Baumann-Pickering , S., McDonald, M.A., Simonis, A.E., Solsona Berga, S., Merkens, K P. B. ,Oleson, E. M., Roch, M.A.,Wiggins, S.M. , Rankin, S.M, Yack, T.M., Hildebrand, J.A. 2013. Species-specific beaked whale echolocation signals. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 134(3): pp. 2293-2301. [Abstract] [PDF]
Hannay, D.E., J. Delarue, X. Mouy, B.S. Martin, D. Leary , J.N. Oswald, and J. Vallarta. 2013. Marine mammal acoustic detections in the northeastern Chukchi Sea, September 2007- July 2011. Continental Shelf Research 127-146. [Abstract] [PDF]
Lammers, M.O., M. Castellote, R. Small, S. Atkinson, J. Jennings, A. Rosinski, J.N. Oswald, and C. Garner. 2013. Passive acoustic monitoring of Cook Inlet beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134:2497-2504. [Abstract] [PDF]
Mouy, X., J. Oswald, D. Leary, J. Delarue, J. Vallarta, B. Rideout, D. Mellinger, C. Erbe, D. Hannay, and B. Martin. 2013. Passive acoustic monitoring of marine mammals in the Arctic. In: Detection, Classification and Localization of Marine Mammals using Passive Acoustics, 2003-2013: 10 years of International Research, DIRAC NGO, Paris, France, pp. 185-224.
Oswald, J.N., S. Rankin, J. Barlow, M. Oswald and M.O. Lammers. 2013. Real-time Call Classification Algorithm (ROCCA): software for species identification of delphinid whistles. In: Detection, Classification and Localization of Marine Mammals using Passive Acoustics, 2003-2013: 10 years of International Research, DIRAC NGO, Paris, France, pp. 245-266.
Papale, E., M. Azzolin, I. Cascao, A. Gannier, M.O. Lammers, V.M. Martin, J.N. Oswald, M. Perez-Gil, R. Prieto, M.A. Silva, and C. Giacoma. 2013. Geographic variability in the acoustic parameters of striped dolphin’s (Stenella coeruleoalba) whistles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 133:1126-1134. [Abstract] [PDF]
Papale, E., M. Azzolin, I. Cascao, A. Gannier, M.O. Lammers, V.M. Martin, J.N. Oswald, M. Perez-Gil, R. Prieto, M.A. Silva and C. Giacoma. 2013. Macro and micro geographic variation of short-beaked common dolphin’s whistles in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, ahead of print. [Abstract] [paper]
Sousa-Lima, R.S., Norris, T.F., Oswald, J.N., and D. P. Fernandes. 2013. A Review and Inventory of Fixed Autonomous Recorders for Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Marine Mammals. Aquatic Mammals 39(1): 23-53. [Abstract] [PDF]
Yack, T. M. 2013. The development of automated detection techniques for passive acoustic monitoring as a tool for studying beaked whale distribution and habitat preferences in the California current ecosystem. University of California-Davis. PhD Dissertation. [PDF]
Yack, T.M., Barlow, J., Calambokidis, J., Southall, B. and Coates, S. 2013. Identification of Previously Unknown Beaked Whale Habitat in the Southern California Bight using a Towed Hydrophone Array. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 134(3), pp. 2589-2595.
Yack, T.M, Baumann-Pickering, S., Wiggens, S., and Hildebrand, J. 2013. Description of Baird’s Beaked Whale Echolocation Signals. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 133(6), pp. 4321-4331.
Norris, T., S. Martin, L. Thomas, T. Yack, J.N. Oswald, E.M. Nosal, and V. Janik. 2012. The acoustic ecology and behavior of minke whales in the Hawaiian and Marianas Islands: localization, abundance estimation and characterization of minke whale ‘boings’. In: The effects of noise on aquatic life (A.N Popper and A. Hawkins, eds), Springer publishing, pp. 149-154.
Ou, H., W.W.L. Au, and J.N. Oswald. 2012. A novel non-spectrogram-correlation method of automatically detecting minke whale boing calls. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 132:EL317-EL322.
Norris, T., T. Yack, J.N. Oswald, S. Martin, L. Thomas, V. Janik. 2012. Boing! Acoustic localization, characterisation and comparison of minke whale songs from the Hawaiian islands and other areas in the North Pacific Ocean. Bioacoustics, 21 (1): 77 [Online Abstract]
Gannier, A., S. Fuchs, P. Quebre, and J.N. Oswald. 2010. Performance of a contour-based classification method for whistles of Mediterranean delphinids. Applied Acoustics 71:1063-1069. [Abstract] [PDF]
Yack T. M., J. Barlow, M. A. Roch, H. Klinck, S. Martin, D. K. Mellinger and D. Gillespie. 2010. Comparison of beaked whale detection algorithms. Applied Acoustics 71: 1043-1049. [Abstract] [PDF] Copyright (2010) Elsevier Ltd.
Rankin, S., J.N. Oswald, and J. Barlow. 2008. Acoustic behavior of dolphins in the Pacific Ocean: implications for using passive acoustic methods for population studies. Canadian Journal of Acoustics 36:88-92. [Abstract] [PDF]
Rankin, S., J.N. Oswald, J. Barlow and M.O. Lammers. 2007b. Patterned burst-pulse vocalizations of the northern right whale dolphin, Lissodelphis borealis. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 121:1213-1218. [Abstract] [PDF]
Oswald, J. N., S. Rankin, J. Barlow and M. O. Lammers. 2007b. A tool for real-time acoustic species identification of delphinid whistles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 122: 587-595. [Abstract] [PDF] Copyright (2007) Acoustical Society of America
Oswald, J. N., S. Rankin and J. Barlow. 2007a. First description of whistles of pacific fraser’s dolphins Lagenodelphis hosei. Bioacoustics-the International Journal of Animal Sound and Its Recording 16: 99-111. [Abstract] [PDF]
Rankin, S., T. F. Norris, M. A. Smultea, C. Oedekoven, A. M. Zoidis, E. Silva and J. Rivers. 2007a. A visual sighting and acoustic detections of Minke whales, Balaenoptera acutoroshata (Cetacea : Balaenopteridae), in nearshore Hawaiian waters. Pacific Science 61: 395-398. [Abstract] [PDF]
Branch, T. A., K. M. Stafford, D. M. Palacios, C. Allison, J. L. Bannister, C. L. K. Burton, E. Cabrera, C. A. Carlson, B. G. Vernazzani, P. C. Gill, R. Hucke-Gaete, K. C. S. Jenner, M. N. M. Jenner, K. Matsuoka, Y. A. Mikhalev, T. Miyashita, M. G. Morrice, S. Nishiwaki, V. J. Sturrock, D. Tormosov, R. C. Anderson, A. N. Baker, P. B. Best, P. Borsa, R. L. Brownell, Jr., S. Childerhouse, K. P. Findlay, T. Gerrodette, A. D. Ilangakoon, M. Joergensen, B. Kahn, D. K. Ljungblad, B. Maughan, R. D. Mccauley, S. Mckay, T. F. Norris, S. Rankin, F. Samaran, D. Thiele, K. Van Waerebeek and R. M. Warneke. 2007. Past and present distribution, densities and movements of blue whales Balaenoptera musculus in the Southern Hemisphere and northern Indian Ocean. Mammal Review 37: 116-175. [Abstract] [PDF]
Oswald, J. N., S. Rankin and J. Barlow. 2004. The effect of recording and analysis bandwidth on acoustic identification of delphinid species. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116: 3178-3185. [Abstract] [PDF] Copyright (2004) Acoustical Society of America
Cerchio, S., J. K. Jacobsen and T. F. Norris. 2001. Temporal and geographical variation in songs of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae: synchronous change in Hawaiian and Mexican breeding assemblages. Animal Behaviour 62: 313-329. [Abstract] [PDF] Copyright (2001) The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour
Thode, A., T. Norris and J. Barlow. 2000. Frequency beamforming of dolphin whistles using a sparse three-element towed array. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 107: 3581-3584. [Abstract] [PDF] Copyright (2000) The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour
Norris, T. F., M. Mc Donald and J. Barlow. 1999. Acoustic detections of singing humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the eastern North Pacific during their northbound migration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 106: 506-514. [Abstract] [PDF] Copyright (1999) Acoustical Society of America
Cerchio, S., C. M. Gabriele, T. F. Norris and L. M. Herman. 1998. Movements of humpback whales between Kauai and Hawaii: implications for population structure and abundance estimation in the Hawaiian Islands. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 175: 13-22. [Abstract] [PDF]
Norris, T.F. 1995. Effects of boat noise on the singing behavior of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Thesis, (MS). Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, San Jose State University. [Abstract] [PDF]
Norris, T.F., J.O. Oswald, T.M. Yack, and E.L. Ferguson. 2012. An Analysis of Marine Acoustic Recording Unit (MARU) Data Collected off Jacksonville, Florida in Fall 2009 and Winter 2009 2010. Final Report. Submitted to Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) Atlantic, Norfolk, Virginia, under Contract No. N62470-10-D-3011, Task Order 021, issued to HDR Inc., Norfolk, Virginia. Prepared by Bio-Waves Inc., Encinitas, California.
Norris, T.F., J. Oswald, T. Yack, E. Ferguson, C. Hom-Weaver, K. Dunleavy, S. Coates and T. Dominello. 2012. An Analysis of Acoustic Data from the Mariana Islands Sea Turtle and Cetacean Survey (MISTCS). Prepared for Commander, Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor, HI. Submitted to Naval Facilities Engineering Command Pacific (NAVFAC), EV2 Environmental Planning, Pearl Harbor, HI, 96860-3134, under Contract No. N62470-10D-3011 CTO KB08, Task Order #002 issued to HDR, Inc. Submitted by Bio-Waves Inc., Encinitas, CA 92024. [PDF]
Barkley, Y., J.N. Oswald, J.V. Carretta, S. Rankin, A. Rudd, and M.O. Lammers. 2011. Comparison of real-time and post-cruise acoustic species identification of dolphin whistles using ROCCA (Real-time Odontocete Call Classification Algorithm). Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-473, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, La Jolla, CA. [PDF]
Norris, T.F., J.N. Oswald, and R.S. Sousa-Lima. 2010. A review and inventory of fixed installation passive acoustic monitoring methods and technologies. Final report to the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers Joint Industry Programme on E&P Sound and Marine Life. Contract reference # JIP2208-03. 214pp.
Thulin, A. Behavior whale watching: student looks for clues in whale boings. 2009. California Polytechnic State University, Animal Science Stock Report. [PDF]
Rankin, S., J. Barlow, J.N. Oswald, and L. Ballance. 2008. Acoustic studies of marine mammals during seven years of combined visual and acoustic line-transect surveys for cetaceans in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean. Technical Memorandum, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-429, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, La Jolla, CA. [PDF]
Rankin, S., J.N. Oswald, and J. Barlow. 2008. An assessment of the accuracy and precision of localization of a stationary sound source using a two-element towed hydrophone array. Technical Memorandum, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-416, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, La Jolla, CA. [PDF]
Anonymous (Multiple authors including T. Norris). 2007. Marine Mammal and Sea Turtle Survey for Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. US Navy NAVFAC-Pacific, Final Report contract no. N68711-02-D-8043. [PDF]
LGL Alaska Research Associates, Inc., LGL Ltd., Greeneridge Sciences, Inc., Bioacoustics Research Program, Cornell University, and Bio-Waves Inc. 2006. Joint Monitoring Program in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas, July-November 2006. Funk, D. W., R. Rodrigues, D. S. Ireland, and W. R. Koski (eds.). Shell Offshore, Inc., Conoco-Phillips Alaska, Inc., and GX Technology, and National Marine Fisheries Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, LGL Alaska Report P891-2. 316 pp. [PDF]
Norris, T.F., M.A. Smultea, A. M. Zoidis, S. Rankin, C. Loftus, C. Oedekoven, J. L. Hayes and E. Silva. 2005. A Preliminary Acoustic-Visual Survey of Cetaceans in Deep Waters around Ni’ihau, Kaua’i, and portions of O’ahu, Hawai’i from aboard the R/V Dariabar, February 2005. US Navy NAVFAC-Pacific, Cetos Research Organization report contract no. 2057SA05-F to Geo-Marine, Inc. [PDF]
Smultea, M. A., W.R. Koski, and T.F. Norris. 2005. Marina mammal monitoring during Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory’s marine seismic study of the Blanco Fracture Zone in the Northeastern Pacific Ocean, October-November 2004. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University and the National Marine Fisheries Service, LGL Ltd. report no. TA2822-29. 89pp.
Presentations (please do not cite or distribute without authors permission)
Norris, T.F. 2018. The 3-D-V Array: A Digital, Volumetric, 3-D Towed Hydrophone Array System Capable of Bearing and Location Estimation in 3-D Space (6th International Meeting on the Effects of Sound in the Ocean on Marine Mammals, 9-14 September 2018, The Hague, Netherlands). [PDF]
Norris, T.F. 2018. Acoustic Methods and Technologies for Research and Monitoring of Cetaceans: New Approaches for Improved Management of Whale and Dolphin Populations Impacted by Human Activities (American Cetacean Society Meeting, 9 May 2018, San Diego, California, USA). [PDF]
Norris, T.F. and M. Flagg. 2017. SonarPoint: A Portable Passive Acoustic Monitoring and Recording System capable of Sound-Source Localization. (22th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 22 – 27 October, 2017, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada). [PDF]
Norris, T.F. and J. Jacobsen. 2015. Passive Listening, Active Mitigation: Passive Acoustic Monitoring and Mitigation of Oceanic Delphinids During Mid-Water Net Trawl Sampling on NOAA’s R/V Pisces. (Marine Mammal Commission Gulf of Mexico Marine Mammal Research and Monitoring Meeting, April 7-8, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana). [PDF]
Oswald, J.N., W. Au, M. Lammers, M. Richlen and T. Norris. 2013. Temporal and spatial trends in acoustic detections of delphinid species around Niihau,, Hawaii. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134:3971 (166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Dec 2-6, 2013, San Francisco, CA).
Oswald, J.N., D. Cholewiak, L. Hodge, M. Soldevilla, S. Van Parijs, A. Martinez, and A. Read. 2013. Man versus machine: a comparison of whistle classifiers developed using auto-detector data and manually analyzed data. (6th International Workshop on Detection, Classification, Localization and Density Estimation of Marine Mammals Using Passive Acoustics, June 12-15, 2013, St. Andrews, Scotland).
Norris, T. 2012. Analysis of passive acoustic recordings made during a three month survey of cetaceans off the Northern Mariana Islands in the western North Pacific. (Abstracts, 163rd Meeting: Acoustical Society of America, May 13-18, 2012, Hong Kong. Pg 3456). [PDF]
Martin, S., T. Norris, E. Nosal, D. Mellinger, R. Morrissey and S. Jarvis. 2011. Automatic localization of individual Hawaiian minke whales from boing vocalizations. (Abstracts, 161st Meeting: Acoustical Society of America, May 23-27, 2011, Seattle, Washington. Pg 2506). [PDF]
Oswald, J.N., J.V. Carretta, M. Oswald, S. Rankin, and W.W.L. Au. 2011. Seeing the species through the trees: using Random Forest classification trees to identify species-specific whistle types (161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, May 23-27, 2011, Seattle, WA).
Oswald, J.N., X. Muoy, D.K. Mellinger, D. Leary, B. Martin, and D. Hannay. 2011. Automatic detection and classification of bowhead and beluga whale calls in the Eastern Chukchi Sea (5th International Workshop on Detection, Classification, Localization and Density Estimation of Marine Mammals using Passive Acoustics, August 22-25, 2011, Mount Hood, Oregon).
Oswald, M., J.N. Oswald, M.O. Lammers, S. Rankin, and W.W.L. Au. 2011. Integration of ROCCA (Real-time Odontocete Call Classification Algorithm) into PAMGUARD signal processing software. (161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, May 23-27, 2011, Seattle, WA).
Norris, T. F., S. Martin, L. Thomas, T. Yack, J. N. Oswald and V. Janik. 2010. The Acoustic Ecology and Behavior of Minke Whales in the Tropical Pacific Islands. (Abstracts, 2nd International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, August 15-20, 2010, Cork, Ireland). [PDF]
Oswald, J.N., Rankin, S., Gannier, A., Barlow, J., Fuchs, S., Rudd, A., and Au, W.W.L. 2009. Geographic variation in the whistles produced by four delphinid species in the Pacific Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. (4th International Workshop on Detection, Classification, and Localization of Marine Mammals Using Passive Acoustics, September 10-12, 2009, Pavia, Italy).
Oswald, J.N., T. Norris, W.W.L. Au, and F. Duennebier. 2008. Temporal and geographic patterns in the occurrence and distribution of minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) boings in the central and western north Pacific. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124:2484 (156th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Miami, FL).
Norris, T.F, M.A. Smultea, A.M. Zoidis, S. Rankin, J.L. Hayes, and E. Silva. 2006. Acoustic-visual surveys of cetaceans in Hawaiian waters reveal new information about pelagic species. (Abstracts, 2006 Ocean Sciences Meeting, February 20-24, Honolulu, HI).
Oswald, J.N., S. Rankin, J. Barlow and M. Lammers. 2005. A new tool for real-time acoustic species identification of delphinid whistles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 118(3):1909 (150th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Minneapolis, MN).
Oswald, J.N., S. Rankin, and J. Barlow. 2004. Variation in Acoustic detection distances of delphinid whistles using a towed hydrophone array in several geographic areas. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116(4):2614 (148th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Diego, CA).
Oswald, J.N., S. Rankin, and J. Barlow. 2001. Practical implications of high frequency components in delphinid vocalizations (14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 28 November – 3 December, 2001, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada).
Forestell, P.H., J.R. Mobley, Jr., R. Grotefendt, E.K. Brown, T. Norris, and M. Smultea. 1993. Observations of odontocetes during aerial surveys in Hawaii: 1993. (Abstracts, Tenth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, November 11-15, Galveston, Texas).
Theses and Dissertations
Novak, N.P. 2016. Predictive Habitat Distribution Modeling of Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) within the Central Gulf of Alaska utilizing Passive Acoustic Monitoring. (Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA).